Sunday, August 28, 2011

Singular and Plural Nouns

A noun that refers to one person, place, thing, event or idea is a singular noun. A noun that refers to more than one is a plural noun. Nouns can be countable of non-countable. Non-countable nouns are also known as mass nouns which are not usually counted and have no plural forms. Count nouns can be counted and form their plural in different ways.
 
 
Forming the Plural of Nouns:
 
 
1) Most nouns form their plural by adding s
 
Examples:
Singular
Plural
Books
books
Girl
girls
Ball
balls
Flower
flowers
Tree
trees

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2) Nouns ending in s, ss, ch,sh, x or z form their plural by adding es

Examples:
Singular
Plural
bus
buses
dress
dresses
church
churches
brush
brushes
box
boxes
quiz
quizzes

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3) Nouns ending in y preceded by a vowel form their plural by adding s

Examples:
Singular
Plural
boy
boys
valley
valleys
key
keys
turkey
turkeys
day
days
 
 
4) Nouns ending in y preceded by a consonant form their plural by changing y to i and adding es

Examples:
Singular
Plural
family
families
butterfly
butterflies
lily
lilies
lady
ladies
story
stories
 
 
5) Most nouns ending in o form their plural by adding es

Examples:
Singular
Plural
hero
heroes
echo
echoes
potato
potatoes
tomato
tomatoes
volcano
volcanoes
 
 
6) Other nouns ending in o form their plural by adding s

Examples:
Singular
Plural
radio
radios
piano
pianos
zero
zeros
bamboo
bamboos
peso
pesos
 
 
7) Most nouns ending in f or fe usually form their plural by changing f or fe  to v and adding es

Examples:
Singular
Plural
leaf
leaves
life
lives
thief
thieves
loaf
loaves
wife
wives
 
 
8) Some nouns ending in f or fe form their plural by adding s

Examples:
Singular
Plural
roof
roofs
dwarf
dwarfs
hoof
hoofs
chief
chiefs
safe
safes
 
 
9) Some nouns form their plural by changing the vowel or vowels within them

Examples:
Singular
Plural
man
men
woman
women
tooth
teeth
foot
feet
mouse
mice
 
 
10) A few nouns take an en ending to form their plural

Examples:
Singular
Plural
child
children
ox
oxen
 
 
11) Some nouns have the same form in both the singular and the plural

Examples:
Singular
Plural
cattle
cattle
deer
deer
series
series
sheep
sheep
 
 
12) Letters, figures and signs form the plural by adding an apostrophe and an s

Examples:
Singular
Plural
1
1’s
A
A’s
Ω’s
 

13) Nouns ending in um or on form their plural by changing um or on to a

Examples:
Singular
Plural
agendum
agenda
datum data
bacterium bacteria
criterion criteria
phenomenon phenomena

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